Accepted for publication! 
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What policy makers and non profits should read when negotiating policies address children and pornography!

Keen, C. (2020). Apathy, convenience or irrelevance? Identifying conceptual barriers to safeguarding children’s data privacy. New Media & Society. (accepted for publication)

This paper captures the results of our research in 2019 into Children's data privacy. It explores how parents and teenagers conceptualise corporations and their surveillance of their internet activities. It provides a fresh approach to studies around online privacy which had to date been focused on teenagers' practices within social media sites, by examining how parents and teenagers understand and conceptualise privacy in the digital context. This paper challenges existing neoliberal policy frameworks that presume educators and parents, and even teenagers themselves, will through education develop the motivation to protect children's data privacy. This research found that their notions of privacy risk and harm remain embedded within the social rather than technological contexts, prohibiting concerns about corporate surveillance. 

Keen, C. Kramer, R. & France, A. (2020 ). The pornographic state: The changing nature of state regulation in addressing illegal and harmful online content. Media, Culture and Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/01634437209046

It explores the failure of democratic nation-states to regulate corporate internet intermediaries who essentially provide access to websites containing illegal and legal pornographic content. Existing literature credits this apparent diminishing regulatory role of states to neoliberalism. Drawing on Wacquant’s theory of ‘neoliberal state-crafting’ (2010) can explain the paucity of state media regulation while also accounting for when states do engage in alternative forms of regulation. Through a thematic analysis of key documents, media, and interviews with ‘elite’ stakeholders in Australia and the UK, this research shows that private actors are generally exempt from state regulation, while individuals are simultaneously subject to punitive mechanisms for problematic and illegal uses of the internet. The larger theoretical point that is being advanced in this paper is that a critical framework in which neoliberal logics are centred might be important for making sense of internet regulation in numerous contexts. And, there is also a broader issue concerning whether the logics of neoliberalism can address any other number of communication and content issues engendered by a global, internet era.

Keen, C., France, A., & Kramer, R. (2019). Exposing children to pornography: How competing constructions of childhood shape state regulation of online pornographic material. New Media & Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444819872539

This paper discusses policy debates in the UK and Australia concerning the regulation of pornographic content on the internet as it relates to children. Through a thematic analysis of qualitative interviews with key stakeholders at the negotiation table, we find that rather than positivist notions of the ‘developing’, ‘vulnerable’ and ‘asexual’ child dominating policy discourse, post-modern representations of the ‘savvy’ and ‘agentic’ child have come to dominate policy culture and outcomes. In this scenario, the regulatory role of states in providing media protection is diminished, while neoliberal forms of governance that emphasise the responsibility of individuals, including parents and children, to manage online media risk have come to dominate the emerging policy landscape.

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